Authentication in the Open Data Hub¶
The authentication layer is currently intended for internal use only, therefore it is not necessary to use authentication to access data provided by the Open Data Hub.
While the Open Data Hub project strives to offer only Open Data, it relies on third-party Data Providers, which may not offer the whole content of a dataset for public use. For this reason, an authentication mechanism has been implemented, which does however have no impact on users and on their use of the data.
Indeed, authentication in Open Data Hub is mainly used when exposing data to the consumer, which means by the Reader and in every single web service accessing the Reader, to allow the access to closed data in each dataset only to those who are allowed to, i.e., developers and members of the Open Data Hub team.
In the remainder of this section, we describe how authentication works within the Open Data Hub, because this information is of interest to users that might become app developers for the Open Data Hub project; further information about how to use authentication can be found in the dedicated howto.
Keycloack is the default authentication server for all datasets that are accessed with the API v2.
The Token-based Authentication was used for the datasets in the tourism domain and is now not available anymore.
Keycloack for API v2¶
Keycloack Server is already used as authentication method for Open Data Hub's internal infrastructure. The same directions described in that section can be used.
Authentication To Internal Infrastructure¶
Access to the Open Data Hub’s internal infrastructure requires authentication, which is provided by Keycloack, an Open Source software that provides Identity and Access Management. In a nutshell, it acts as a broker to provide Single Sign On to different web sites and services; it also seamlessly interacts with Kerberos. More information and use cases can be found in the official documentation.
By internal infrastructure we mean also the access to Open Data that are already available to the Open Data Hub Team but not yet to the Data Consumers, and therefore require authentication.
Source code for both the authentication server and a few pre-cooked examples of applications configured to connect to it can be found in dedicated repository created by the Open Data Hub Team: the authentication server.
This howto describes the old guidelines to access
authentication to Open Data Hubs internal infrastructure. A newer version
odh-generic-client has been implemented, that does
not require anymore credentials and a
client_secret. Therefore, all curl examples
below can be safely used without all the corresponding options;
credentials can be used for testing purposes, as explained in the
More information in the dedicated repository.
In order to access the internal infrastructure, you need first to get a token, then use it together with the API. Both steps can be achieved using command-line tools, for a programmatic access to the date, which is the method shown here.
Request an access token
In order to receive an access token, you need in advance to have credentials for the Open Data Hub. If you do not have them, please open a ticket on issues.opendatahub.com or send an email to . The same holds, if you plan to create an application that retrieves closed data from the Open Data Hub. For this, also other OAuth2 flows exist.
With your username and password, and a client secret (my_username, my_password, the_client_secret), the access token is granted to you with the following call:
~$ curl -X POST -L "https://auth.opendatahub.com/auth/realms/noi/protocol/openid-connect/token" \ --header 'Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' \ --data-urlencode 'grant_type=password' \ --data-urlencode 'username=my_username' \ --data-urlencode 'password=my_password' \ --data-urlencode 'client_id=odh-generic-client' \ --data-urlencode 'client_secret=the_client_secret'
Since the token expires after a given amount of time, it might prove necessary to refresh it, an action that can be done by replacing the parameters given in the query above with
~$ curl -X POST -L "https://auth.opendatahub.com/auth/realms/noi/protocol/openid-connect/token" \ --header 'Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' \ --data-urlencode 'grant_type=refresh_token' \ --data-urlencode 'refresh_token=the_refresh_token' \ --data-urlencode 'client_id=odh-generic-client' \ --data-urlencode 'client_secret=the_client_secret'
Here, use the refresh token received from Listing 3.
Retrieve data with the token.
Once you received the access token, it is easy to use it in actual requests. The following API call shows how to get all snames and mvalues from the VMS dataset:
~$ curl -X GET "https://mobility.api.opendatahub.com/v2/flat/VMS/*/latest?select=sname,mvalue" \ --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \ --header 'Authorization: bearer your-access-token'
Currently, data retrieved from the Open Data Hub are always open,
except for some of the latest values and historical data: Only a
subset of m-prefixed data from the
/from/to API calls can be closed date. See section
Structure of the API calls and Payload) for more information about the API calls.